A ketogenic diet is a meal schedule consisting of low carbs and high fats which has been utilized for decades in the medical field to treat certain medical conditions. Two centuries ago, the keto diet was used to alleviate diabetes in lots of patients and it was found to be effective. For epileptic children in the early 19s, the keto diet was found to effectively treat the condition in situations where drugs have proven futile. It has also been used to treat other medical conditions, but in recent days it’s proven to be an effective therapy for losing weight. The keto diet is famous for its low-carb, low protein, high-fat contents that help prevent frequent hunger between meals. A few examples are Dukan, Paleo, and South Beach, these dishes are considerably high in protein, low in carbs, moderate in fat contents.
The goal is to stop the usage of carbs for energy in our body system and start breaking down ketones for energy. Though the primary source of ATP for brain cells is glucose, when an individual is in a fasting state for 3 days or more, the body might have exhausted its glycogen store. Ketone bodies are then produced from stored fats in adipose tissues to provide ATP for brain cells and all other body cells. There’s no standard keto diet having a specific ratio of macronutrients, they all reduce the daily consumption of carbs to 50 grams or fewer. Many types of keto diet exist today, they all prohibit high carb in their meals to efficiently prevent weight gain. After the diet has fulfilled its purpose, the patient has to alternate between normal and keto diets for the next couple of months.
Short-term effects are observed after conducting several studies, it is found that the keto diet has helped treat lots of medical conditions. Conditions such as unstable insulin level can be regulated, high blood pressure lowered, overweight effectively managed, lowering of cholesterols and TAGs. Type 2 diabetes is the state in which insulin is secreted but doesn’t bind to its receptors and clear blood glucose, leaving a high level of glucose in the human bloodstream. Another positive effect of keto diets is that followers have decreased hunger for food after eating a keto meal unlike when they eat a carb-rich meal. Calories are expended faster when a person is following a keto meal, the fat stores are rapidly converted to glucose and proteins used for producing energy for muscles. Fat loss is greater than lean body mass in comparison, mostly because insulin level is decreased in the bloodstream.
It is possible to modify the ketogenic diet to include food sources low in highly saturated fats to prevent high blood pressure due to clogging of blood vessels. A perfect diet for people who have had difficulties losing weight in the past, trying other means like exercise routines. The exact ratio of carb, protein, fats will differ from person to person because of their sex, job requirements, health status, etc. Before diving into keto foods, seek a professional consult with a dietician or a medical doctor to evaluate your condition, proffering an accurate food ratio for you. The meal plan developed must concur with your health status, and nutrient deficiencies, a dietician will accurately prescribe the right meal for your needs.