Calorie Counting similar to Keto Diet aids in weight loss for most individuals. Keto Diet involves taking less carbohydrate with more fat. This process activates ketosis which acts as an alternate pathway of energy build up for the body. Calorie counting involves burning off more calories than a dieter consumes. Tracking calorie intake unlike Keto Diet might be more tedious. The former approach would require following the labels on each food strictly. Eating meals which deliver almost negligible amounts of calories might be easier to follow.
Similarly, it might be harder determining the exact amounts of calories gained or lost by the body. This in itself might render the efforts of the dieter fruitless. In considering long-term effects of both diets, however, calorie counting might be preferred. Keto Diet is projected to have undesirable effects like lean muscle mass or kidney stones over long use. Calorie counting approach would be a better alternative to maintain glycolysis while achieving the goal of weight loss.
Conclusively, in medical conditions like diabetes, calorie counting approach would be effective in maintaining steady blood glucose. Similarly, low carbohydrate diets could be of great benefit in some health conditions. Overall, the preferred approach is largely based on what your aim is as well as surrounding conditions.